August 11, 2020

4G is coming: Ministry of Industry and Information Technology claims to be ready to issue licenses

Next year, the trial scope of mobile phone user number portability will be expanded in due course, and the inter-network settlement policy will be adjusted. "On December 27, at the National Industry and Information Technology Working Conference held in Beijing, Minister of Industry and Information Technology (hereinafter referred to as" Ministry of Industry and Information Technology ") Miao Wei said.

Before the meeting, there was a lot of news about "the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology is preparing a key policy for private capital to enter the telecommunications industry." The Xinhua News Agency ’s Economic Reference reported that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology is expected to further reduce the cost of private leased operators ’networks and equipment; Caixin.com reported that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology is studying a pilot program for mobile communications resale business, as long as eligible companies can apply Carry out mobile resale business, which is what the outside world calls "virtual operator control will be released."

Miao Wei, Minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said that next year he will actively promote deepening reforms and opening up to the outside world, and explore and practice the system of large departments in the new era.

Miao Wei, Minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said that next year he will actively promote deepening reforms and opening up to the outside world, and explore and practice the system of large departments in the new era.

Judging from the Xinhua News Agency ’s brief report yesterday, the “adjustment of internet settlement policy” partly confirmed the report of the Economic Reference, but it did not specifically mention it.

It is worth noting that when deploying the eight priorities of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology next year, Miao Wei mentioned that one of them is "actively promoting deepening reforms and opening up to the outside world, and exploring and implementing large-scale departmental systems in the new era."

In addition, Miao Wei said that the international community has been discussing the "third industrial revolution" recently. It remains to be seen when the new technology and industrial revolution will occur, what the challenges will be, and where the opportunities will be.

No substantial policy seen in mobile communication resale pilot

The so-called mobile communication resale business refers to enterprises that do not have a mobile basic network purchase mobile communication services from basic operators, integrate their own resources, and sell externally through their own channels. An enterprise engaged in mobile communication resale business is a mobile virtual network operator, generally called a virtual operator.

As early as 2005, it was reported that "virtual operator control will be released", but in the next few years, the reorganization of telecommunications operators and the issuance of 3G licenses were put on the agenda, and they could not be released.

The industry generally believes that mobile communication resale business can further introduce competition, which in turn promotes service improvement and tariff reduction. There were rumors before that a batch of virtual operator licenses will be issued in June next year. However, this claim about time has not been officially confirmed.

Third-party telecommunications analyst Fu Liang analyzed yesterday that it is not true that Tencent will be the first to obtain a virtual mobile operator license. "Virtual mobile operators should have no licensing issues. There will be admittance policies in the future and eligible enterprises You can apply, just like the SP (Mobile Internet Content Provider) managed by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. I think even if it is licensed, it should not be a company, but a group of companies. "

Because Tencent's products such as WeChat have brought an impact on operators' traditional SMS services, operators are also referred to as the fourth largest mobile operator.

However, the mobile communication resale business pilot is not groundless. On December 25, Caixin.com quoted people familiar with the matter as saying that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology did organize a dedicated team to study the pilot scheme of the mobile communication resale business. At present, the plan has taken initial shape, and the company's qualifications, registered capital, business development and settlement methods for mobile communication resale business have been stipulated accordingly. It is expected that the plan will be introduced by the end of the year.

The content on “Encouraging private capital to carry out mobile communications resale business pilot” has been written in the “Implementation Opinions of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology on Encouraging and Guiding Private Capital to Further Enter the Telecommunications Industry” released in June this year. Moreover, in the "Key Areas of Encouragement and Guidance" listed by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, this item ranks first. (Editor's note: Zhang Feng, Director of the Communication Development Department of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, disclosed at the 2012 China Information Industry Economic Annual Meeting on December 7 that China will support private capital to enter the basic telecommunications field substantially, and will introduce a mobile pilot program as soon as possible in an effort to pilot mobile communications In terms of business, a number of private demonstration enterprises have been launched.)

Fu Liang said that even if the virtual operator licenses, it is impossible to immediately cover the national network, but to cut into the regional market and develop their own users. He believes that virtual operators and operators are competing and cooperating. "Virtual operators have their own advantages. They can package and bundle services to formulate tariffs and packages. This forms competition with basic telecommunications services and competes for users. On the other hand, Like SP, work with operators in areas that operators are not good at. "

He predicts that it is difficult for virtual operators to survive on pure mobile communications resale business. In the future, they will inevitably integrate their own resources for vertical integration, such as integrating location services, mobile game services, and enterprise informatization.

"Before the next two sessions, or implement adjustments to the Internet settlement policy"

In contrast, it seems clearer to adjust the internet settlement policy.

According to Miao Wei's statement on December 27, next year will promote the introduction of a new version of the telecommunications business classification catalog, establish and improve a new business management system, expand the mobile phone user number portability test scope, and adjust the network settlement policy.

Fu Liang believes that, as the radio and television enters the market competition as the fourth basic telecommunications operator next year, the adjustment of network settlement fees is inevitable, and the price will be greatly reduced.

"Next year, basic telecom operators will make a breakthrough, from the previous three of China Telecom, China Unicom (600050, stock bar) and educational private network will become five, radio and television and China Mobile will definitely obtain the qualification of basic telecom operators, new entrants will With relatively competitive prices, a substantial adjustment of internet settlement prices is inevitable. "Fu Liang revealed that the internet settlement policy has been blown before the adjustment, and specific policies will come out next year.

He expects that the specific policy on adjusting inter-network settlement will be implemented before the "two sessions" next year, and will be implemented after the "two sessions".

"Economic Reference News" said in a report on December 6th that the Electricity Administration of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology had held a working meeting with the provincial and municipal communications administrations, telecommunications operating enterprises, the Telecommunication Research Institute of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Communications Enterprise Association. Among them, the Telecommunication Research Institute of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology mainly introduced the Internet inter-network settlement adjustment plan, and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Association of Telecommunications Enterprises introduced the drafting of the management measures for the maintenance of telecommunication facilities.

Some analysts said that the above-mentioned policies may become a breakthrough for the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology ’s key policy for brewing private capital into the telecommunications industry.

According to previous analysis, if the relevant rental fees are not reduced, even if privately-owned enterprises are permitted to operate related telecommunication services, they will not be able to operate normally due to high costs, or they cannot provide high-quality and low-cost services.

Fu Liang also believes that the adjustment of inter-network settlement policies is conducive to competition and industry development, and urges operators to improve services.

Regarding the number portability policy, the outside world expects that more cities will start next year. At the end of 2010, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology announced that Tianjin and Hainan had carried out a number-carrying network transfer test, and it has been two years since then.

The so-called number portability means that mobile phone users can join another operator's network without changing the mobile phone number.

"4G will be difficult to license next year"

Regarding the construction of the communication network, Miao Wei discussed quite a lot yesterday, including: advancing the TD-LTE scale-up test, making preparations for LTE (fourth generation mobile communication network, commonly known as 4G) frequency allocation and license issuance, and implementing Broadband China 2013 Special action. The Xinhua News Agency report also mentioned that next year, China will start the two-phase entry of the two-phase pilot of the three-network integration application for approval and approval work, organize the implementation of the three-network integration promotion phase of the work plan; amend the domain name, IP address resource management methods, improve website filing Management level; promote spam message management.

Fu Liang said that the references to TD-SCDMA and TD-LTE are consistent with the information conveyed in the past, and no new content has been seen, but he believes that 4G licensing will not be possible next year.

"The meeting pointed out that preparations for 4G licensing will be made next year, so I tend not to issue 4G licenses next year. Of course, TD-LTE is to be vigorously promoted." Fu Liang explained that China Mobile's TD-LTE development policy has been given, The frequency is complete, and you can continue to carry out trial commercialization in more cities according to the original policy. "The other two telecom operators are not eager for 4G, and the focus is still on 3G. The key work next year may consider how radio and television come in."

In November of this year, the State Council issued a document to form China National Radio and Television Network Corporation, which is the main body of the future nationwide enterprise of the three broadcast networks, but the listing time has been delayed.

"It will not be too early for radio and television to enter, maybe it will be able to come in in the first half of next year. Local radio and television will develop business faster, and the national radio and television integration will be slower. The next stage needs to straighten out the mechanism." Fu Liang said.

Data at a glance

An instant messaging provider has more than 700 million users

A Weibo service provider user reaches 368 million

Only three years after the start of mobile software applications, China has become the second largest market in the world. The largest application store enterprise has 740,000 applications, and an average of 55 new applications are launched every hour.

The market value of 7 Internet service providers in China has entered the top 30 in the global Internet, with revenue second only to the United States

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